Buck Boost Converter for Energy Recovery in Capacitive Deionization Desalination System
The aim of this paper is to present the power electronic stage required in a water desalination system that permits recovery of part of the energy involved in the process and its reuse in a high efficient manner. One of the newest methods for desalinating water is capacitive deionization (CDI). This technology is based on carbon electrodes capable of adsorbing ionic components from water. First, the CDI process and the energy recovery are described. Second, a buckÃ¢â‚¬â€œboost converter is designed that allows energy to be recovered while taking into account the large voltage variations at its input and output. The proposed system utilizes a DC/DC buckÃ¢â‚¬â€œboost converter with variable frequency. This is a well-known topology that uses two MOSFET transistors and an inductor. In addition, a control system based on hysteresis has been included to set the limits of the inductor current. The converter is modeled using a mathematical algorithm to study its behavior with large input and output capacitor values. Simulation results are provided.
Author Name: Shyamna Sadanandan, M. Simna and K. Sangeetha
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Keywords: Desalination, CDI, and Buck Boost Converter