Simulation Modeling of Reverse Logistics Network: A Case Study
The business of logistics has considerably changed due to globalization, modern information technology, and especially increasing ecological awareness and development of sustainable supply chains. The location of production facilities, storage concepts, and transportation strategies are major determinants of reverse supply chain performance. Product recovery, which encompasses reuse, remanufacturing and materials recycling, requires a structured reverse logistic network in order to collect products efficiently at the end of their life cycle. This work describes modelling and simulation of reverse logistics networks for collection of EOL products for XYZ Limited Company of North India. The company is involved in production of acid batteries for commercial use. Simulation modelling, presented in this work, allows the user to analyze the future performance of the network and to understand the complex relationship between the parties involved. The findings from the simulation suggest that the model calculates cycle time, transfer time, transfer cost, and resource utilization in a predictable manner. In this project, the simulation model was developed using Arena 11.0 simulation package.