Single Phase AC-DC LED Driver without Electrolytic Capacitor
This paper presents, a configuration of single-phase acÃ¢â‚¬â€œdc driver without electrolytic capacitor for LED lighting system. The electrolytic capacitor is the key component that limits the operating lifetime of LED drivers. If an ac-dc LED driver with power factor correction (PFC) control is allowed to output a pulsating current for driving the LEDs, the electrolytic capacitor will no longer be required. However, this pulsating current will introduce light flicker that varies at twice the power line frequency. The configuration comprises an PFC converter without an electrolytic capacitor and a bidirectional converter, which serves to absorb the ac component of the pulsating current of the PFC converter, leaving only a dc component to drive the LEDs. The output filter capacitor of the bidirectional converter is intentionally designed to have a large voltage ripple, thus its capacitance can be greatly reduced. Consequently, film capacitors can be used instead of electrolytic capacitors, leading to the realization of a flicker-free acÃ¢â‚¬â€œdc LED driver that has a long lifetime. The proposed solution is generally applicable to all single-phase PFC converters.
Author Name: M. Simna, Shyamna Sadanandan and K. Sangeetha